The Vein Center at YRMC

    If the valves of the veins don't function correctly, blood won't flow efficiently and the veins become enlarged as they are congested with blood. These enlarged veins are commonly called spider veins or varicose veins. Spider veins are small veins on the surface of the skin and are red, blue or purple in color. Varicose veins are generally larger and are located deeper than spider veins.


    Superficial vein thrombosis is an inflammatory condition of the veins due to a blood clot just below the surface of the skin. It usually occurs in the legs, but it can occasionally occur in the arms and neck. Anyone can develop superficial vein thrombosis, but women are affected more than men.


    Deep vein thrombosis, or deep venous thrombosis, is the formation of a blood clot within a deep vein, most commonly in the legs. Symptoms may include pain, swelling, redness, warmness and engorged superficial veins. Pulmonary embolism, a potentially life-threatening complication, is caused by the detachment of a clot that travels to the lungs and can be life threatening.


    Chronic venous insufficiency is a problem with the flow of blood from the veins of the legs back to the heart. It's also called venous insufficiency or chronic venous stasis. Veins have valves that keep the blood moving in one direction-toward the heart. With chronic venous insufficiency, the valves in the veins of the leg don't function correctly, allowing blood to pool in the legs. This can lead to problems that include varicose veins and more serious conditions like deep vein thrombosis.